Basic knowledge of interior design for beginners

The first interior design basics: Learn house plan design drawings

The first basic knowledge of interior design that architects need to learn is the design drawing of a house interior plan. Depending on the design company, the way to draw the interior plan will be different.

The basic architectural profile includes:

  • Plans, sections and elevations
  • Architecture perspective
  • Construction materials for interior and exterior
  • Architectural details
  • Details in each space
  • Interior Design Floor Plans, Tile Floors and Ceilings The basics of interior design include the following 3 main concepts: Floor plan: is a graphic at the level of the cross-section of the work. Allows the viewer to visually see the spatial details inside the building. Every floor, every plane has its own floor plan. The floor plan must show the size, proportions of the room, details of the house doors, interior design, etc. Vertical drawing: is a vertical projection on a vertical plane. Displays the size, proportions, shape, layout and general layout of the entire building. A building will have many different vertical heights. Profile: is a projection obtained by constructing a regular vertical plane through (perpendicular to the ground). This section must show the entire space within the building, such as B, number of floors, height, width, doors, floor thickness, stairs, etc.

    Basic knowledge of interior design in architectural design space division

    Basic knowledge of interior design about architectural space means that the space is created by human design hands.

    There are 3 main spaces that need to be divided as follows:

    • Fmain space: is the space required by the building in terms of functional requirements. For example, a house needs a living room, kitchen, bedroom, bathroom, etc. Restaurants need counters, dining areas, toilets, etc. Auxiliary Room: It is the supporting room of the main room, depending on the type of work. Traffic space: It is the movement space inside and outside the building. Such as lobbies, corridors, stairs, etc.

    The Law of Balance

    The next interior design basics you need to master is design balance. Elements must be the same, such as height, width, layout, interior design, color, light, etc. This means that when you look at the overall design or drawing, you see seamlessness, harmony, harmony, unity and balance.

    Balance is described in three ways:

    Radial balance: is the intentional arrangement of elements in a design around a fixed point placed as the center. This approach is less common in interior design, but these are the basic interior design skills you need to know. If you know how to strategically arrange radial balancing elements, you can create impressive designs.

    Symmetrical Balance: Often used in traditional interior design. One side reflects the opposite and identical image, and the other side has an axis. Symmetry balance is very easy, you just need to select 1 object as the appropriate center of symmetry, then select 2 or more pieces of furniture to arrange symmetrically through the selected center of symmetry.

    Asymmetrical Balance: Use different subjects with the same number of images or eye-catching. Asymmetrical balance is one of the fundamentals of interior design and is easy to learn and apply.

    The Law of Harmony

    The basics of interior design refer to common elements that are universal in shape, material, size, color, etc., all creating harmony in a space. It has 1 meaning, 1 theme or a common meaning of the same style.

    Harmonious elements are important when you start designing any project. Without harmony, the design becomes chaotic and no longer beautiful.

    The Law of Rhythm

    This is a design rule that involves repeating many similar pieces of furniture. Typically, this overlap is usually 3 or more times. This causes the movement of objects in space. Eliminate the monotony and boredom of the same room with individual elements. Rhythm laws can be repetitions of colors, shapes, layouts, furniture, etc.

    The basic interior design knowledge of rhythm includes the following 3 paths:

    Repeating objects: are repetitions of colors, furniture, etc.
    Iteration of a sequence of objects: The shape and size of objects can be changed. More precisely, from large to small and vice versa.
    Continuous repetition: is repetition that helps guide the eye from one point to another. Such as hangers, stairs, etc.

    Design highlights

    The highlight of beautiful home design is creating visual appeal for people viewing one or all interior spaces. This is the basic interior design knowledge you need to master. Because this is considered the “golden rule” that every project cannot be separated. Without the highlights, the design becomes boring. To implement this rule, you need to create a focal point for your interior design layout.

    To apply these basics of interior design, you need to choose two or more suitable objects for contrast. Keep them in harmony so the room doesn’t get too cluttered and cluttered.

    The law of size and proportions

    The proportions in the interior design had to be consistent and have a certain appeal. Two or more different objects of the same element need to be compared in terms of color, size, position, quantity, etc. It can be said that the golden ratio or the ⅓ ratio are two commonly used ratios. .

    The 8 basic interior design skills above are skills that every architect must know and master. This is a solid foundation for making house plans more beautiful, harmonious and impressive.

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